Nanotech 2013 Vol. 1
Nanotech 2013 Vol. 1
Nanotechnology 2013: Advanced Materials, CNTs, Particles, Films and Composites (Volume 1)

Nanoscale Materials Characterization Chapter 1

Study of sodium-chromium-iron-phosphate glass by XRD, IR, Chemical Durability and SEM

Authors: Y. Makhkhas, S. Aqdim, E.H. Sayouty

Affilation: Hassan 2d. University - Casablanca, Morocco

Pages: 89 - 92

Keywords: chemical durability, IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, XRD, glass formation, sodium-chromium-iron-phosphate glasses

Chromium iron phosphate glass was investigated for use as waste form because of its improved chemical durability. The introduction of chromium in sodium-iron-phosphate glasses is used to compare its effect with iron in inhibition of corrosion. The sodium-chromium-iron phosphate glass of composition 10Na2O-30Fe2O3-5CrO3-55P2O5 (mol %) was produced by melting batches of (99, 98% pure) Cr2O3, Fe2O3, Na2CO3, and (NH4)2HPO4 at 1080°C for 1h and pouring the liquid into steel mold. The Sample was annealed at 680°C for 48h.We have performed the measurement of X-Ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, infrared Spectroscopy and the chemical durability. The crystallised phases obtained were identified after crystallization. The infrared spectra of the glass studied, contains two dominant bands, which were characteristic of pyrophosphate groups, (P-O) stretching mode of P-O non bridging oxygen at 1055 cm-1 and sym stretching mode of bridging oxygen at 444 cm-1 respectively. There is also a band at 603 cm-1 attributed to isolated tetrahedral units (PO4)3-. The chemical durability of the glass was investigated by measuring the weight loss in distilled water at 90°C for 22days.

ISBN: 978-1-4822-0581-7
Pages: 830
Hardcopy: $209.95