Nanotech 2012 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2012 Vol. 3
Nanotechnology 2012: Bio Sensors, Instruments, Medical, Environment and Energy (Volume 3)

Environmental Health & Safety Chapter 5

The Effect of Photolysis on the Stability and Toxicity of Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: A.R. Poda, A.J. Kennedy

Affilation: US Army Corps of Engineers, United States

Pages: 319 - 322

Keywords: silver, photolysis, dissolved organic content

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of solar irradiation on the aggregation kinetics and toxicity of a 50 nm silver nanoparticle capped with two different stabilization agents (polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and citrate). The particles were exposed to simulated sunlight by UVA irradiation, and the impact on the irradiation was investigated in solutions with and without 4 mg/L DOC. Field flow fractionation interfaced to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (FFF-ICP-MS, provided a method to determine size and elemental composition of nanoparticles at environmentally relevant concentrations (parts-per-billion). Regardless of the stabilization coating, the standard zooplankton model, Daphnia magna, indicated that the toxicity of nanosilver was significantly reduced when exposed to UV light and was reduced further when exposed to UV light in the presence of DOC (Figure 2). The significance of these findings is that while nanosilver is toxic to aquatic organisms, its toxicity is likely to diminish substantially when subjected to inevitable environmentally relevant mitigating factors.

ISBN: 978-1-4665-6276-9
Pages: 818
Hardcopy: $209.95

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