Nanotech 2009 Vol. 2
Nanotech 2009 Vol. 2
Nanotechnology 2009: Life Sciences, Medicine, Diagnostics, Bio Materials and Composites

Biosensors and Diagnostics Chapter 4

Label-free direct detection of analytes from optically inaccessible samples

Authors: L.C. Brousseau

Affilation: Quantum Logic Devices, United States

Pages: 236 - 238

Keywords: label-free, real-time, immunoassay, oligonucleotide

Fluorescent optical methods for biomolecular detection are widely used for research and diagnostic applications. However, these techniques are useful only in sample matrices that are optically transparent non-scattering, which precludes most biologically relevant fluids, such as blood, urine, and saliva. Errors are introduced by the manipulations and purification steps necessary to prepare biological samples for analysis, as well as by the labeling and amplification steps required for low-abundance analytes. As a result, almost all diagnostic procedures must be performed in resource-intensive laboratories with highly-trained technicians. This limits not only wide-spread access to many tests, but also the capacity of the healthcare infrastructure to accommodate epidemics. For this reason, many efforts have been made over the past few decades to develop label-free, non-optical methods for performing biological testing. We report here a nanoelectronic transistor platform that overcomes limitations of optical techniques by eliminating labels, as well as surpasses other electrochemical and electronic technologies with respect to “noise.”

ISBN: 978-1-4398-1783-4
Pages: 590
Hardcopy: $179.95