Nanotech 2008 Vol. 3
Nanotech 2008 Vol. 3
Nanotechnology 2008: Microsystems, Photonics, Sensors, Fluidics, Modeling, and Simulation - Technical Proceedings of the 2008 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, Volume 3

Photonics & Nanowires Chapter 1

Synthesis and Propertie of CNT Yarns and Sheets

Authors: D. Lashmore, M. Schauer, B. White, R. Braden

Affilation: Nanocomp, United States

Pages: 118 - 121

Keywords: SWCNT, DWCNT, wires, conductivity, mechanical properties, conducticity

We have developed an automated CVD process based on gas phase pyrolysis for the synthesis of high strength carbon nanotubes based sheets and yarns. This has led to a unique process for continuous production of nanotube yarns whose strengths can exceed 1.5 N/Tex or ~3 GPa , and to a new type of very strong non-woven CNT sheet whose strengths can exceed 0.5 N/Tex or ~1 GPa. These materials may be made of single wall or dual wall CNTs and can this can be selected by the system operator. In this presentation an overview of the electronic, mechanical properties and some applications of these carbon nanotube wires and sheets will be presented. Sheet material is now being fabricated 3 foot by 10 foot panels, the largest CNT textiles ever made! Yarns over 1000 m have also been produced! Both materials can be used as deposited with the catalyst left in the structure or alternatively the catalyst can be removed chemically or by high temperature heat treatment. These products potentially enable a variety of applications which make use of their very high specific strength and electronic properties. Post processing of the yarns to improve uniformity and control pitch angle improve properties significantly. Prepregged composites of the textiles with strengths of about 2 GPa have been demonstrated. The materials have a very low compression modulus so that they are best used as sandwich structures. Woven and braded textiles will also be shown and some properties given. Applications include: very light weight electrical conductors to replace copper wire in some applications, composites, sandwich structures, hybrid batteries, fire resistant coatings, and thermoelectric devices

ISBN: 978-1-4200-8505-1
Pages: 940
Hardcopy: $159.95