Authors: A.N. Saxena
Affilation: Rensselaer International Science Company, United States
Pages: 460 - 473
Keywords: integrated circuits, monolithic concept, IC
Getting history right is an important matter. It is in that spirit that this paper has been written about the invention of integrated circuits (ICs). The invention of ICs has been one of the most important inventions of the 20th century which has revolutionized mankind forever. They are used worldwide in many fields and applications: education, research, computers, medicine, internet, nanotechnology, biotechnology, government and others, and in every commercial, industrial and defense industries. Almost nothing is possible nowadays without using the ICs. Therefore it is important to know who invented them and how.