Authors: R.D. Boyd, S. Bargir, S. Dunn and B. Jefferson
Affilation: Cranfield University, United Kingdom
Pages: 768 - 771
Keywords: AFM, force measures, nanoscale, macroscle, scaling
The growth of scale, which primarily consists of calcite crystals, is a major problem in water systems. AFM probes have been modified with calcite crystal in order to measure the strength of adhesion between the crystals and various materials. It has been shown that there is a direct correlation between this strength of adhesion and the rate of the growth of scale. This method allows the quick assessment of a material’s scaling properties. It has been shown that nanoscale measurements can be directly related to macroscale processes.